A few words about metallurgy in Russia
At the present time, a critical macroeconomic indicator for country is gross domestic product (GDP). Now, metallurgy has 5% of Russia’s GDP in 2019. Meanwhile, metallurgy in industrial production is 18%, in exports is 14%. To clarify, metallurgy plays a significant role for Russia.
As can be seen, it affects three other primary sectors of the economy. They are industrial, construction, fuel, and energy complex. As a matter of fact, these industries are 58% of Russia’s GDP. In short, the ferrous metallurgy and metalworking is the basis for the development of machine building and metal processing. In other words, Russia’s metallurgy is second after the oil and gas industry.
Metallurgical bases in Russia
The Russian Federation has three ferrous metallurgical bases. In the first place, they are located near ore and coal sources. As a matter of fact, they are in the Urals, Siberia, and the central part of Russia. Important to realize, the products of the metallurgy are used in all fields of the economy. Russia is among the world’s top five ferrous metal producers. For instance, the USA, Japan, China, and Germany.
The industrial base of ferrous metallurgy has a full cycle. It is cast iron – steel – rolled products. Besides, there are industrial complexes that make cast iron – steel, steel – rolled products and separately iron, steel, rolled products. Recently, the world metallurgical industry exists in 98 countries. Chiefly, only fifty states develop ore mining worldwide. For example, the leaders are China, Russia, Brazil, India, and Australia. That is to say, they export up to 80% of all raw materials. Currently, there are over 1 billion tons of iron ore annually.
The primary deposits are as follows:
Asia – 310 million tons;
Latin America – 235 million tons;
CIS countries – 180 million tons;
Australia and Oceania – 170 million tons;
North America – 95 million tons;
Africa – 50 million tons;
Europe – 20 million tons.
In fact, most of the ore reserves require primary processing during production due to the low quality of the material. It means, there is practically no high-quality ore. Vast ore reserves are located in China, and useful iron is mined in Russia.
Leading companies in metallurgy
The leading companies are Arcelor Mittal, Hebei Iron & Steel, and Nippon Steel. As a matter of fact, the first company was formed by the merger of Indian and Luxembourg companies. Therefore, it consists of 60 enterprises. Besides, it includes the Russian Severstal-Resource and Ukrainian Krivorozhstal. Hebei Iron & Steel Group is a state-owned enterprise. It produces an ultra-thin cold-rolled sheet and steel plates. On the other hand, Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Industries is a leader in steel production in Japan.
Now, let`s turn back to the metallurgy in Russia. The largest and oldest company is Uralskoye. This company produces half of all ferrous metallurgy products. The largest enterprises are the Chusovsky Metallurgical Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant. The youngest deposit is the Siberian Metallurgical Base. There are two metallurgical plants, the West Siberian and Kuznetsk Metallurgical Plants. The Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant is the largest metallurgical plant in the Central Base. By the way, it and five other significant metallurgy centers account for 93% of the output. They are Severstal, Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works, Evraz, Mechel, and Metalloinvest.
Features of metallurgy
As you know, the metallurgy is a massive industry sector. In addition, it includes processes for manufacturing metals from ores or other materials, as well as metal alloys. In short, the structure of the metallurgy consists of the several stages. For example, they are direct production of metals, hot and cold processing of metal products, welding, and metal coating.
The procedure for manufacturing metal products itself consists of three stages: mining and preparation of ore, melting, use, and recycling. Different raw materials are used in the process of metal production. Therefore, depending on the type of raw materials used, a distinction is made between the ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgical industries.
Also, the first category includes metals containing iron, manganese, and chrome. To put it differently, the non-ferrous metal industry uses all other metals. The main products of the ferrous metallurgical sector are rolled metal, cast iron, metalwork, etc. In fact, the production of non-ferrous metal products is more energy-intensive. The reason for this is the low content of useful substances in non-ferrous metals and large volumes of recycled waste. The main products of the non-ferrous metallurgy, in turn, are long products and flat products.
About a translation in the field of metallurgy and metalworking
Factories in Russia need your equipment!
Currently, metallurgical and metalworking factories in Russia often turn to foreign manufacturers of equipment. Why? Because factories in Russia want to improve the efficiency of their production. For example, as a translator at a metalworking and metallurgical factory, I am continuously engaged in technical translation in metallurgy and metalworking. During my work, I always use English, German, Chinese.
List of some technical documents relating to metallurgy and metalworking
You can find here a list of technical translation I have done in the field of metallurgy and metalworking. For example, it includes:
– 6-Hi single-standard reversing cold rolling mill (Country of manufacture: China. Documentation is in Chinese);
– Continuous galvanizing production line (Country of manufacture: Australia. English);
– Continuous polymer coating production lines (Australia);
– Butt welding machine (steel strip stitching/welding machine) (Italy, China. Documentation is in English and Chinese);
– Steel strip shot blasting line (EPS acid-free metal pickling line. Country of manufacture: USA, English);
– Wet Brush Unit for strip shot blasting line (India, English);
– Primer curing ovens (USA, English);
– Roller grinding machines (China, Chinese);
– Defectoscopes for Roller grinding machine (Country of manufacture: the Netherlands. English);
– Sets of working, intermediate and support rollers for the rolling mill (China, Chinese);
– Rolling oil for cold rolling mill (China, Chinese);
– Assembly and disassembly stands for support rolls (China, Chinese);
– Bearing washer (China, Chinese);
– Profile bending machines (Finland, English), etc.
Your helper is a technical translator that specializes in metallurgy!
Well, a factory bought your equipment, machine or production line. But how to operate it? Manual is in English! In this situation, a person who can help is a technical translator. Sure, he translates and you may send a translated document to your buyers. OK, after that…In addition, there is another thing. That is a maintenance! It is vital to ensure that your foreign buyers really understand how to do it. And who can make it easier for you? TRANSLATOR! Sure, a technical translator.
Meanwhile, for proper execution of relevant operations, the achievement of mutually beneficial agreements between companies from far abroad, I regularly performed the written translation of the contract on technical audit and modernization of existing production lines (subcontractor from Austria and India, languages are German and English), the agreement on the maintenance of electric motors of the mill (equipment supplier from China, language is Chinese), the contract on the maintenance of the profile bending machine (supplier from Finland, language is English).
Importance of a technical translator in metallurgy
Why do you need a technical translator to translate in your industry? As you know, a professional translation is a translation used to exchange particular scientific and technical information between specialists. Certainly, they speak different languages. But, a technical translator helps you to communicate smoothly with technical team of your client. With a simplified approach, technical translation is the translation of technical texts. In short, a professional translation is also a translation of documentation and materials with scientific and technological orientation.
Some difficulties of technical translation
As you know, a translation is a complex process consisting of several stages, starting from the analysis of the source text, preparation of terminology dictionary, translation, proofreading, and ending with quality control. Besides, to the linguistic skills required by each translator (such as knowledge of translation theory, grammatical, stylistic and semantic structures of both languages), a technical translator will also know the subject area. So, it is much better to hire a technical translator with experience in metallurgy and metalworking than to order services from a general translator who does not know the industry specifics.
Challenges: technical terminology
Translator should not miss the exact meaning of any technical word in the materials. Certainly, the metallurgical and metalworking industry has its terminology. For this reason, a translator of technical texts must have an excellent command of the vocabulary in the specified industries to which the text belongs. By the way, an essential task of professional translation is the transfer of terminology adequate to the original version. Finally, the document received after the translation was technically accurate and competent and did not cause criticism among specialists.
Who can help you with technical translation in metallurgy?
Aleksandr always provides high-quality translations to help employees of your company find a common language with foreign partners on the most complex technical tasks. In other words, he will help your company to remove language barriers and work smoothly in different countries and in different languages: English, German, Chinese, and Russian.
Importance of experience in the field of technical translation
Close cooperation with specialists in metallurgy and metalworking from the USA, Australia, China, Austria, Italy, Russia, and translation for them gave me invaluable experience. Aleksandr translated various technical documents: operating instructions, maintenance manuals, safety manuals for working with industrial equipment, instructions for installation and disassembly of production lines and machine, technical standards and requirements, tender documentation, maintenance contracts, technical audit agreements, agreements on the modernization of the existing industrial complex, agreements on establishing a joint venture, etc. Also, he provided interpretation services at industrial sites, cold rolling and polymer coating workshops, galvanizing, metal tile, and sandwich panel manufacturing. In short, it was relating to a translation in the field of metallurgy and metalworking.
If you have any questions about translation, please contact Aleksandr.